Errata ROSA Desktop R8.1

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Contents

Installation and initial configuration of hardware

Installation

Unable to install the system from a USB stick

  1. Please verify the checksum of the installation image with checkisomd5 <path_to_iso_image>. If checkisomd5 reports errors, please download the ISO image once again.
  2. Use ROSA ImageWriter to write the ISO image to the USB stick. This application is available for Linux, Windows and Mac OS.
  3. Try a different USB stick and a different USB port.
  4. Try an ISO image for a different architecture (i586 or x86_64) or the special variants of the images, x86_64 without UEFI or i586 with UEFI).
  5. If your system has UEFI enabled, try to choose legacy mode in BIOS. It might also help if you update BIOS to the latest version.
  6. If nothing of the above helps, you can write the installation image to a DVD with 2x speed and try to install ROSA from that DVD.

Progress bar does not move during the installation

Yes, this happens in some cases but, fortunately, does not affect the installation process.

The installer suggests to reboot the system and automatically formats the partitions to Btrfs

This happens sometimes when installing ROSA in a virtual machine or onto a dist without a partition table. Just try once more, select "Erase and use entire disk" (if the disk is empty) or "Custom disk partitioning". The problem should not show up again.

Setting up the graphics

The proprietary graphics drivers fail to install

"Configure Graphics Card" utility (XFdrake in the command line) should be used to install the appropriate graphics drivers.

In case of NVidia graphics, one can alternatively install the experimental driver without using that utility. The driver however does not support hybrid graphics (NVidia + Intel). If you would like to install this driver, it will be enough to install x11-driver-video-nvidia-current package. This might also be helpful if XFdrake suggests the system has hybrid graphics while the system actually does not.

Setting up hybrid graphics NVidia + Intel

XFdrake ("Configure Graphics Card") sets up the hybrid graphics correctly in most cases. However, the system will not use the discrete GPU automatically. To launch an application using that GPU, use primusrun or optirun commands. For example,

 primusrun glxinfo|grep OpenGL

will show which OpenGL implementation and, therefore, which GPU is used.

Problems with Intel graphics

If there are problems with Intel graphics on your system like graphics-related errors, no OpenGL acceleration, artifacts, etc.), you can switch to an older but sometimes more reliable acceleration method. In order to do so, please install x11-driver-video-intel-config-uxa package and then reboot the system.

Setting up network

Problems with network (wired, wireless) adapters by Mediatek/Ralink and Realtek

The following custom drivers are available for some of such network adapters, you can give them a try:

  • Mediatek MT7630E - dkms-mt7630e
  • Mediatek/Ralink MT7601U - dkms-mt7601u or install kernel 4.4 or newer where this driver is included.

MT7601U chip is quite common in the low-cost USB WiFi devices. Note that the current version of the drivers does not support AP (Access Point) mode.

  • Realtek RTL8812AU - dkms-rtl8812au
  • Realtek RTL8723BE, RTL8723AE, RTL8192CE, RTL8192SE, RTL8192DE, RTL8188EE, RTL8192EE, RTL8821AE - install dkms-rtlwifi_new or try a newer kernel.
  • Realtek RTL8101/2/6E - dkms-r8101

ROSA R8.1 does not support WiFi devices based on MT7610U or MT7612U chips by Mediatek at the moment.

Broadcom WiFi adapters

The proprietary driver (wl) is used by default and should be sufficient in most cases. You can also try b43 driver provided by the kernel if the driver it your hardware. Note that BCM4313/BCM4727 adapters are not supported by b43.

To switch to b43, you can install b43-firmware package, remove dkms-broadcom-wl and reboot the system.


Audio

  • Run alsamixer from the console, choose your sound card by pressing F6 and set up the levels.
  • Run pavucontrol and select the correct audio inputs and outputs.

Keyboard

Switching languages does not work with some wireless keyboards. Open the settings, change the keyboard model to "wireless". The problem should disappear now.

Interoperability with Windows

Unable to mount NTFS partitions with a recent version of Windows

For Windows and ROSA Linux to co-exist on a machine, it is recommended to turn off "quick start" feature in Windows. This feature is similar to suspend-to-disk in ROSA. ROSA avoids meddling with the partitions where Windows "sleeps" this way, to prevent possible problems.

  1. To turn "quick start" off in Windows, run the following as administrator:
 powercfg -h off
  1. To force ROSA to mount that NTFS partition, run (as root):
 ntfsfix /dev/<name_of_ntfs_partition>(sda, sdb)

GRUB no longer shows "Windows" in the boot menu

The root of the problem is either "quick start" feature or abnormal termination of Windows followed by the update of the kernel, drivers or the boot loader in ROSA.

The boot loader does not mount the NTFS partitions where Windows "sleeps" or the ones that need checking. To fix this:

  1. Mount the NTFS partition in Dolphin.
  2. Run update-grub2 in the console as root.

Troubleshooting

The system does not boot after installing proprietary drivers or updating kernel

  1. Try to boot with another kernel (by choosing it in the boot loader menu)
  2. Wait until the text boot mode is reached (after ~4 minutes from the boot start), switch to virtual console by ctrl+alt+F2, login as root, launch XFdrake and choose the free driver for your graphics card.

Black screen when logging in, after you have typed the password

The desktop settings might be corrupted for some reason (abnormal termination of the system before?). Launch krunner (alt+F2) and then run

 kde4-reset

Your desktop settings will be returned to the defaults.

Unable to install software

The RPM data base might be corrupted. To restore it, execute the following command as an administrator:

 rpm-restore

The installed applications disappear after reboot

You might have turned ROSA Freeze on. Turn it off.

Setting up the pre-installed applications

Bibliography database does not work in LibreOffice Writer

In order to make "bibliography database" service work in LibreOffice, you should install LibreOffice Base ({pkg|libreoffice-base}} package) and OpenJDK. To save space, we have removed these packages from ROSA Desktop Fresh installation image.

Text effects are missing in LibreOffice gallery

Install libreoffice-openclipart package.